CASSAVA FARMING


CASSAVA FARMING

Postby LEKEFARMS » 2017-06-04 5:24

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CASSAVA FARMING

My name is Adeniji Adeleke

I will be making justice to How to start and sustain a cassava enterprise
OVERVIEW OF CASSAVA in NIGERIA AND EXPORT ANALYSIS

Cassava is Nigeria’s most widely planted staple food, it is common to almost all part of the southern states of Nigeria. The land requirement tendency are not stringent and because of that a lot of Nigerians have placed in much energy in producing it. The usefulness over the years have gradually metamorphosed into an all-round usage, from the raw usage to its processed value.

Cassava is a very much starch endowed food, containing 90% of its nutritional value. Cassava at a point was a cheap agricultural commodity and was perceived as a necessity to a poor mans’ diet, but in today’s Nigeria, this is no longer the case. Cassava can now be seen in every houses in the country, having different forms and uses.

Cassava have been used as starch, chips, flour, animal feed and as a means to generate ethanol. But not one of this reason is the main selling point cassava have over other annual crop. Its major selling point still remain its useful as cassava flakes which is popularly known as Garri.
Important fact about Cassava

1. It’s an annual crop/plant
2. It comes in different variety depending on what it is used for.
3. It matures between 6 month to 1 year
4. It’s yield 50% on investment in just 6 month if unprocessed and 170% if processed.
5. Require less supervision than other annual crops.
6. Market is always readily available.

Featuring
---> Pre-planting Operations
---> Planting
---> Post-planting Operations
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PRE-PLANTING OPERATIONS
Site Selection
Selecting Site For Your Cassava Farming

For Cassava plantation, it is expedient to choose a well-drained fertile soil. You can take sample of the soil where you want to start your cassava farming to the IITA or any other soil research laboratory, to help determine or ascertain whether or not the soil is suitable for high yield cassava variety.

Cassava is not picky about land especially improved variety, but then it's important to also test so you can add whatever is needed to that land before commencement of planting. It's important to note that a wide range of land in the west are naturally great for cassava.
Other Pre-Planting Operations are:
Land Clearing: this can be done manually when planting is to be done on a small scale of about 1acre.. But Mechanically through the use of machines for large scale
: Followed by Stumping i.e. removal of stumps
: Ploughing
After ploughing u can harrow and make d ridges
After that you leave the land for two weeks so that the grasses can grow

So, at about 3weeks, you can now apply herbicides i.e. Systemic and pre-emergence herbicides

Systemic to control grown weeds

Pre-emergence for d yet to grow weeds
PLANTING
Get a good variety of cassava

The following varieties are recommended for their high yield and processing quality:
TMS 30572, NR 8082, NR8083, TMS 4(2) 1425, TMS 81/00110, TMS 92/0326 and TME419. An additional 10 varieties are in the process of being released based on information
For farmers to have more productivity in terms of tonnage yield, market access and more money in their pockets, theirs need to experiments with new variety
The new variety is TME 419. It gives higher tonnage and higher starch contents
The yield can be up to 20 -40 tonnes per hectare depending on management
Cut the cassava stems (planting stock) into smaller sizes of about 25cm.
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Plant at angle 45 degree or vertically at a spacing of 1m by 1m distance.
: Note:

1. Cassava Planting starts in march/April and can be extended to September/October.

2. The quantity of cassava recommended for 1 ha is 55 - 60 bundles of cassava stem/ha.

3. Cassava Stem cuttings 25 cm long should be planted at a spacing of 1 m x 1 m.
At about 12days after planting your cassava, germination is expected to be noticed.
And if your herbicides works effectively
You will not have problem of weeding for the next 3 months.

But if weeds are getting well established, U need contact herbicides urgently
What is is contact herbicides: Herbicides that starts work immediately e.g grammazone, It clears every available grasses but not to d root

U can use that to spot spray any grasses found around d cassava

At 3month the cassava will be about 4feet tall if you plant the right species

At 3 months you can now weed

If u have small farm u can go manual But 1 hectare and above, U are adviced to use herbicides

I will advice u to use iron mixed with gramazone

Or Gramazone and atrazine mixed together

If the first herbicides were effective d cassava will be taller than the weeds.
: POST-PLANTING OPERATIONS
This started from the use of herbicides
The 2nd spraying should be done effectively without touching the leaves, if this is done effectively, u will not require weeding till harveting
Fertilizer Application
Fertilizer Use, Type And Rate

The following fertilizers and their rate/ha are recommended

• NPK 15:15:15–12 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 20:10:10–9 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 12:12:17–15 (50 kg) bags

Apply fertilizer at 8 weeks after planting your cassava. Apply fertilizer in a ring, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant or broadcast with care around the cassava plant, making sure the fertilizer does not touch the cassava stem or leaves.
Harvesting and Yield
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Cassava matures between 8 to 12 months after planting.

Most cassava is harvested by hand, lifting the lower part of stem and pulling the roots out of the ground, then removing them from the base of the plant by hand. The upper parts of the stems with the leaves are removed before harvest. Levers and ropes can be used to assist harvesting.

Cassava Yield of over 20 t/ha or 8t/acre and above can be obtained with good agronomic practices and management.
Therefore, every step must be taken seriously in the process of planting your cassava.
: *CHALLENGES*

Challenges of cassava farming

Below are the challenges associated with CASSAVA plantation;-

1. Weather.
2. Pest.
3. Disease.
4. Land availability.
5. Lack of connection amongst farmers and market.
6. Irrigation.
7. Capital for cassava processing.
8. Lack of good cassava stem cutting.
9. Seed capital to start.
10. Security threat.

These are most of the challenges associated with cassava farming.
I always say that “in the absence of a business plan/road map and business technical-know-how, any seed capital invested into any agribusiness enterprise, will end up being wasted. So in my own opinion and arrangement, the challenges to cassava farming are:-

1. Poorly stated/documented business plan and roadmap
2. Absence of seed capital
3. Poor management staffs
4. Poor management of plants
5. Inadequate storage
6. Poor understanding of both market scope and overview.
7. Transportation

SOLUTION TO CHALLENGES

The solution will be detailed from the listing made under challenges which are;

Business plan- the solution is to write out and document your business plan and business road map as early as possible, I will advise even before venturing into that enterprise. So you can have a blue print of what of what your goals are!

Business T-K-H – make sure to have an adequate research done on cassava beyond what you know at the moment so you can avoid costly mistake in starting up. Better still, work with a consultant that is well knowledgeable about that enterprise.
Management staffs – take time to relate with staff and workers, give them incentives to look up to, or still hire a consultant to deal with this section for you if you don’t have the time yourself to do this. Make sure your understanding of the locals associated with where your farm is located is adequate to prevent unnecessary surprises.

Management of plant – adequately research on Cassava and its planting techniques, the pest and disease associated with its production, and lastly what is needed to tackle these situations. This knowledge most time differentiates a successful farmer from a failure in a cassava farming enterprise.

Storage – 2 months into harvesting of cassava, be sure of your location of storage, and the extent to which that place is free of theft and pest infestation. Fumigate as need arises. And ensure to not allow your cassava stay the longest in the storage place, because the longer it stay stored the faster it spoils. It is important I stress that cassava doesn’t do well on storage.

Market scope and overview – the solution to marketing challenge can be handled from a different point of action, some of which are
-join different market cooperative society
-locate and sell to marketers
-start sourcing for market 2 month into harvesting
-plan to add value to your cassava root tuber by processing them into finish goods for maximal profit,
There are ready made market for cassava and Marketing has been the least challenge...
Even adverts on whatsapp platforms is enough.
Moreover, Market
Green Tech is in Agbara Estate, Thai farm is located in Ososa Ogun State, Psaltry is in Ado Awaye close to maya in Oyo State, Dadtco has a mobile processing units that they move around to locations. There is EKHA Agro, i think in Lagos. Matna is in Akure. There are some breweries in Sango Otta that makes use of cassava. Visit the company, they will request for sample to determine the starch contents. A visit to GIZ office in Ibara Abeokuta will give you a comprehensive details of cassava buyers.
If you now conclude to start cassava farming, I may assist in the best of my capacity to link u up with British American Tobacco where you can get free supply of majority of the inputs needed for your cassava farming.. Thank You
Also, you can benefit from the FADAMA project too.. U can check out for more info at the nearest Local Government Area around you.

Agricmedia Cooperative Society in collaboration with OYSG, BoA and CBN is concluding plans on Cassava and Maize farming scheme

Thank You
LEKEFARMS
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Posts: 50
Joined: 2015-12-27 19:42


Re: CASSAVA FARMING

Postby ORDINARY EMMA » 2017-06-04 15:28

Wonderful!
Another technical observation I have discovered personally through interactions with rural farmers and processing industries in Cassava value addition which is currently skyrocketing the price of cassava products in Nigeria today is:-
Cassava business is more prolific for farmers in rainy season than the dry season, this is vice versa for the value additioner I mean it is better for him(buy and process) to invest during the dry season, this is because The Cassava tubers contains higher percentage% of water In the wet season; if an investor purchases 1000kg of cassava in the dry season, this is more profitable because of the relative higher dryweight than 1200kg in the wet season, the quantity of flower produced will be comparatively low
ORDINARY EMMA
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Posts: 5
Joined: 2016-03-05 15:53


Re: CASSAVA FARMING

Postby femtouch » 2017-06-18 14:51

Mr Emma just revealed another valued skills in the cassava business.

Thank you.
Femtouch
femtouch
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Posts: 233
Joined: 2015-12-06 22:27





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